This page has links to studies, papers and publication by Think Atom and people involved with us, also some links to stuff before Think Atom was founded (in 2018). The most recent ones are at the top.


2nd April:
Nuclear District Heating in Finland – The Demand, Supply and Emissions Reduction Potential of Heating Finland with Small Nuclear Reactors

Published by Think Atom
Author: Rauli Partanen
Download Pdf here.

front-coverFrom back-cover: Halting climate change demands rapid and deep decarbonization of our energy systems. Those energy systems go much beyond the electricity grid, and they also have distinct characteristics and demands. District heating is one of these systems. These local heating networks are currently served by combusting fuels in heat-only of combined heat and power (CHP) capable plants.

This study looks at the potential to deeply cut emissions in district heating networks with small nuclear reactors (SMRs) in the Finnish context, with a case study also included for Poland. What are the demand profiles of these networks, and how well they can be met with upcoming SMRs?
ERRATA: The printed version regrettably had an error regarding heat consumption in Warsaw, Poland. Instead of 27 TWhs, Warsaw today uses around 7 TWhs of heating annually. This pdf version has been updated with official projected demand for 2040, which is around 14 TWh/year. The models/graphs also have half the amount of reactors (but with same capacity / reactor) to meet some of that demand.



Decarbonizing Cities: Helsinki Metropolitan Area – Providing district heating, power and transportation fuels with advanced nuclear reactors

Published by Ecomodernist Society of Finland and Energy for Humanity.
Author: Rauli Partanen.
Download Pdf here.


From back-cover: This report is one of the first studies to explore how we could use small, advanced nuclear reactors to achieve an almost complete decarbonization of our society.

It explores how we can construct a fleet of nuclear reactors to provide district heating, power and hydrogen in a flexible and cost-effective way. The scope of the study covers the Helsinki Metropolitan area with a projected population of around 1.5 million people by 2050. Using combined heat and power (CHP) and high temperature electrolysis (HTSE), the significant seasonal variations in energy demand can be met while still using the nuclear reactors at high capacity.

We need to proceed on a society-wide deep decarbonization as fast as possible. This study finds that using innovative nuclear reactors as a significant part of the solution will offer huge benefits to achieve decarbonization of electricity, transport and heating.