This page has links to studies, papers and publication by Think Atom and people involved with us, also some links to stuff before Think Atom was founded in 2018. The most recent ones are at the top.


Missing Link to a Livable Climate –
How Hydrogen-Enabled Synthetic Fuels Can Help Deliver the Paris Goals

Our new report reveals how untapped options for clean hydrogen can put the world back on the pathway to the Paris climate goals

​Think Atom and our CEO Rauli Partanen contributed to this trailblazing report on the potential of and need for massive amounts of clean hydrogen that can be produced at low cost with advanced heat sources such as small nuclear reactors.
See press release from this link.
Download report from this link (pdf).

Small Reactors and Where to Use Them /
Pienreaktorit ja niiden käyttökohteet

This folder gives you the quick essentials on what are small nuclear reactors and their pros and cons, when are they coming to the market, and most importantly, what they can be used for; not just electricity, but valuable services to the power grid, district heating of cities, desalination of seawater, many industrial processes and even manufacturing of cost-effective clean hydrogen.

Commissioned by Energiforsk, made by Think Atom
Author: Rauli Partanen
Download English pdf here.
Lataa suomenkielinen versio esitteestä Tästä


12th September
Sustainable Nuclear – An Assessment of the Sustainability of Nuclear Power for the EU Taxonomy Consultation 2019

Published by Think Atom and LucidCatalyst
Authors: Rauli Partanen, Staffan Qvist, Kirsty Gogan, Eric Ingersoll
Download Pdf here.

cover_webAlmost half of Europe’s low-carbon energy is provided with nuclear power today. The world’s scientific consensus e.g. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) concludes that nuclear energy has an essential role in low-carbon energy production and climate mitigation.

If the EU Sustainable Finance Taxonomy excludes nuclear, it may result in both new build and life extensions for existing fleet being much more difficult to finance. This report was prepared for the European Commission Technical Expert Group on Sustainable Finance, as well as for the international investment and financing community, to help them fairly and robustly evaluate the overall sustainability of nuclear energy as an investment. The central finding is that nuclear energy is a sustainable energy investment.

2nd April:
Nuclear District Heating in Finland – The Demand, Supply and Emissions Reduction Potential of Heating Finland with Small Nuclear Reactors

Published by Think Atom
Author: Rauli Partanen
Download Pdf here.

front-coverFrom back-cover: Halting climate change demands rapid and deep decarbonization of our energy systems. Those energy systems go much beyond the electricity grid, and they also have distinct characteristics and demands. District heating is one of these systems. These local heating networks are currently served by combusting fuels in heat-only of combined heat and power (CHP) capable plants.

This study looks at the potential to deeply cut emissions in district heating networks with small nuclear reactors (SMRs) in the Finnish context, with a case study also included for Poland. What are the demand profiles of these networks, and how well they can be met with upcoming SMRs?
ERRATA: The printed version regrettably had an error regarding heat consumption in Warsaw, Poland. Instead of 27 TWhs, Warsaw today uses around 7 TWhs of heating annually. This pdf version has been updated with official projected demand for 2040, which is around 14 TWh/year. The models/graphs also have half the amount of reactors (but with same capacity / reactor).


Decarbonizing Cities: Helsinki Metropolitan Area – Providing district heating, power and transportation fuels with advanced nuclear reactors

Published by Ecomodernist Society of Finland and Energy for Humanity.
Author: Rauli Partanen.
Download Pdf here.


From back-cover: This report is one of the first studies to explore how we could use small, advanced nuclear reactors to achieve an almost complete decarbonization of our society.

It explores how we can construct a fleet of nuclear reactors to provide district heating, power and hydrogen in a flexible and cost-effective way. The scope of the study covers the Helsinki Metropolitan area with a projected population of around 1.5 million people by 2050. Using combined heat and power (CHP) and high temperature electrolysis (HTSE), the significant seasonal variations in energy demand can be met while still using the nuclear reactors at high capacity.

We need to proceed on a society-wide deep decarbonization as fast as possible. This study finds that using innovative nuclear reactors as a significant part of the solution will offer huge benefits to achieve decarbonization of electricity, transport and heating.